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    Vedic Math Sutra: Sutra 2-Nikhilam Navatashcaramam Dashatah

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    This blog will discuss Sutra 2: the Nikhilam Navatashcaraman Dashatah, which can quickly multiply numbers close to a base number.

    This sutra is often translated as “All from 9 and the last from 10.”

    Recommended Reading: Vedic Math Sutras: Sutra 1-Ekadhikena Purvena

    Here are the steps to apply the sutra:

    1. Identify a base number close to the numbers you want to multiply. It is usually chosen as a power of 10 or a multiple of 10 for simplicity.
    2. Subtract each digit from the base number. If the digit is greater than the base number, subtract it from the next higher multiple of the base number.
    3. Cross subtraction of left numbers with the right. 
    4. Multiplication of the right numbers
    5. Write down the product obtained in Step 3 as the Left part of the answer and Step 4 as the Right side of the number
    6. Combine the left and right parts to get the final answer.

    Example

    Here’s an example to illustrate the sutra:

    Let’s say we want to multiply 96 and 98.

    Step 1: Choose a base number close to these two numbers. Let’s choose 100 as the base.

    Step 2: Subtract each digit from 100:

    For 96 -100 = -4

    For 98-100 = – 2 

    Step 3: Cross subtraction of Left numbers 

    Left   Right

    96

    – 4

    98

    -2

    94

     

    Step 4: Multiplication of the right side numbers

    Left   Right

    96

    – 4

    98

    -2

    94

    08

    The right number should also be two digits, so instead of 8, we will write 08

    Step 5: Put the Left number first and then the Right Number

    Right number 94 

    Left Number 08

    Step 6: Combine the two numbers, and you will get your answer

    Answer: 9408

    Therefore, using the “Nikhilam Navatashcaraman Dashatah ” sutra, we can quickly find that 96 multiplied by 98 equals 9408.

    Recommended Reading: 16 SUTRAS OF VEDIC MATH

    The next one will be Urdhava – Tiryagbyham.

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    16 Sutras of Vedic Maths

    Arpana Shandilya

    Arpana Shandilya

    A journalist-turned-content writer, Arpana is a passionate storyteller who combines her journalistic experience with new technology to create engaging, persuasive, and impactful writeups.
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    4 Comments
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    Stacy
    Stacy
    8 months ago

    How many tricks are there in Vedic maths?

    sonali sharma
    sonali sharma
    8 months ago
    Reply to  Stacy

    It consists of 16 Sutras (Formulae) and 13 sub-sutras (Sub Formulae) which can be used for problems involved in arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, and conics.

    Richa
    Richa
    5 months ago

    Is Vedic Maths difficult?

    John Smith
    John Smith
    5 months ago
    Reply to  Richa

     Vedic Maths is known for its simplicity, accuracy, and speed. Its tricks are said to be able to solve complex problems easily and efficiently.

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