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Kellogg's Experiment
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    Experiment Determining the Evolutionary Difference Between a Chimpanzee and a Human

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    Kellogg's Experiment
    Moonpreneur

    Moonpreneur

    Kellogg and his wife brought a seven-and-a-half-month-old female chimpanzee, Gua, to their Florida home with the intention of observing the similarities and differences in development between Gua and their human son, Donald. At the time their son, Donald was ten months old

    Gua was treated like an infant in every detail; she was dressed in napkins and later in rompers, wheeled in a carriage, sat in a high chair, and slept in a bed. The Kelloggs kissed her goodnight every evening. No special effort was made to teach her spectacular stunts but rather to expose her to the same kinds of experiences a human baby would have. The experiment was carried on for nine months with careful day-by-day observations, films, and tests.

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    Gua displayed many human-like behaviors; she wore shoes and walked upright, ate with a spoon and drank from a glass, and imitated human gestures, acquired the ability to open doors. In some ways she surpassed Donald – especially in the motor skills of climbing and jumping, – but in other ways she lagged behind him developmentally.

    Gua also quickly learned to respond to a total of ninety-five words and phrases such as ‘kiss Donald’, ‘shake hands’, and ‘show me your nose’. However, she never could learn to utter words or phrases beyond those which communicated her immediate wishes through grunts and squeals. Her toilet training lagged behind that of the boy significantly.

    It became evident by the end of the experiment that Gua was falling behind the boy, particularly ‘in the matter of intellectual adaptation to human demands’. The early superiority is attributed to the fact that anthropoids in general mature earlier than humans. A monkey reaches puberty at about four years, whereas humans reach puberty between twelve and fourteen on average, with girls generally reaching puberty before boys.

    It is interesting to note that even though animals can be trained and socialized to a certain extent, there are still limits to how much they can imitate human behavior. This was evident from the experiment conducted by Dr. Kellogg and his wife, where it was shown that while an animal can learn to interact with humans, there are some things that will always remain beyond their understanding.

    Image credit: Edublox Online Tutor

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    Moonpreneur is an ed-tech company that imparts tech entrepreneurship to children aged 7 to 16. Its flagship offering, the Innovator Program, offers students a holistic learning experience that blends Technical Skills, Power Skills, and Entrepreneurial Skills with streams such as Robotics, Game Development, App Development, Advanced Math, and Book Writing & Publishing.
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    zubin
    zubin
    9 months ago

    What are the limitations of this experiment?

    yekit
    yekit
    9 months ago
    Reply to  zubin

    One limitation of this experiment is that it is only based on DNA sequences. There are other factors, such as anatomy, behavior, and physiology, that also contribute to the evolutionary difference between chimpanzees and humans. These factors will need to be considered in future studies.

    Gloria
    Gloria
    10 months ago

    What methods will be used in this experiment?

    laura
    laura
    10 months ago
    Reply to  Gloria

    The methods that will be used in this experiment include:
    DNA sequencing: The DNA of chimpanzees and humans will be sequenced and compared to each other.Phylogenetic analysis: The DNA sequences will be used to construct a phylogenetic tree, which will show the evolutionary relationships between the two species.Statistical analysis: Statistical tests will be used to determine whether the differences between the DNA sequences of chimpanzees and humans are statistically significant.

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