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India Vs United States
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    Country Comparison: India Versus United States of America

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    India Vs United States
    Moonpreneur

    Moonpreneur

    Prepare to be astounded by the far-reaching impact of India on a global scale, transcending its physical distance from the United States, located 13,568 km away. Surprisingly, the United States has become a coveted destination for Indians pursuing educational and professional opportunities. 

    In 2022 alone, an astonishing 1,33,135 Indian students embarked on transformative journeys abroad to pursue their studies, while 320,791 highly skilled professionals secured H-1B visas, enabling them to contribute their expertise in foreign lands.

    Only a few know that the Indian-American community is prominent in the United States. Comprising 1 percent of the nation’s total population, Indian Americans contribute substantially to its prosperity by shouldering 6 percent of its tax burden. 

    These remarkable statistics firmly establish Indian Americans as the second-largest immigrant group in the United States after Mexicans, with their population surpassing a staggering 4.8 million.

    Considering the profound influence of the Indian diaspora, Moonpreneur has compared India and America across various dimensions, such as cost of living, Education, and more. By shedding light on these contrasting aspects, we aim to provide invaluable insights for individuals contemplating life choices, educational pursuits, and potential ventures in both countries.

    1. Cost of Living 

    According to the cost of living, India has an average price of possession of $420, making it 81% less expensive than the United States, where the average cost of living is $2213. In the global rankings of the most expensive countries, India is placed at the 191st position, while the United States holds the 5th rank.

    Category India US
    Cost of living of 1 person $420 $2213
    Cost of living of a family $1017 $5003
    Food Expenses $160 $568
    Monthly Salary after-tax $532 $4223

    2. IVY League vs IITs in India

    Eight colleges are part of the Ivy League, namely  Princeton University, Brown University, Columbia University, Cornell University, Dartmouth College, Harvard University, University of Pennsylvania, and Yale University.

    In India, there are 23 Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) that operate under the governance of the Institute of Technology Act 1961.

    Category India US
    Acceptance rate 1% 5-8%
    Fees $1300-$1741 $76,000-$85,000/year
    Courses STEM Focused STEM+other subjects
    Admission Criteria JEE Mains & JEE Advanced SAT+Holistic performance evaluation throughout high school
    Financial Aid Merit-cum-Means Scholarships Need-based financial aid

    3. Public School in USA vs India 

    In the United States, government-run schools are referred to as public schools. However, in India, government-run schools are categorized into various types. These categories include Kendriya Vidyalayas, Navodaya Vidyalayas, Sainik Schools, Army Schools, Naval Schools, and Air Force Schools.

    Country Nominal School Fees Funding Source
    India Nominal School Fees Funded by the Central, State Government
    USA Free Education for children from kindergarten through grade 12 in high school Funded by the city, state or federal government

    4. Literacy Rate

    The literacy rate in the United States is comparable to that of India. The National Survey of India released its report on the Literacy Rate of India in 2022, providing valuable insights into its literacy levels.

    Country Percentage
    India 77.7%
    US 79%

    5. Engineering graduates  

    According to Worldometer, the population of the United States is approximately 336.8 million, with an estimated 73.6 million under 18. 

    On the other hand, the population of India stands at around 1.4076 billion as of 2021, with an estimated  431.054 million under 18.

    Country Engineering Graduates
    India 1.5 M/year
    US 0.1M /year

    Considering that India has the second-largest immigrant community in the United States, with a significant number of individuals traveling there for work or study purposes, the parameters for comparison in this study were explicitly based on this demographic.

    The United States is the world’s largest national economy and is a prominent leading global trader. Americans contribute over 20 percent of the world’s total income, showcasing their economic prowess. The Congressional Budget Office (CBO) projections indicate a steady rise in the United States GDP over the next decade, from 26.24 trillion U.S. dollars in 2023 to 39.23 trillion U.S. dollars by 2033.

    On the other hand, reports are predicting a robust growth of the Indian economy too. According to a report by Ernst & Young (EY), India, a rapidly developing economy, has the potential to surpass Germany and Japan, securing its position as the world’s third-largest economy by 2030. Furthermore, the same report predicts that India’s GDP, regarding market exchange rates, will reach 26 trillion U.S. dollars by 2047-48.

    The report also highlights India’s emergence as the third-largest ecosystem for start-ups worldwide. The proliferation of innovative companies in various sectors, particularly technology, is expected to play a crucial role in delivering substantial and sustained growth to the Indian economy, among other sectors.

    Economic growth is a clear indicator of prosperity and progress, and we eagerly anticipate a world characterized by sound and robust economies.

    Moonpreneur is on a mission to educate and ignite the flames of entrepreneurship through our holistically created online STEM programs, which will help kids master the futuristic sciences such as Robotics, Game Development, App Development, Advanced Math, and much more!! 

    Register for a free 60-minute robotics workshop today!

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    Arpana

    Arpana

    A journalist-turned-content writer, Arpana is a passionate storyteller who combines her journalistic experience with new technology to create engaging, persuasive, and impactful writeups.
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    6 Comments
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    paul
    paul
    6 months ago

    Is it harder to get into Ivy Leagues or IITs?

    Isabella
    Isabella
    6 months ago
    Reply to  paul

    Both getting into Ivy League universities and the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) are highly competitive, but they have different admission criteria and processes. Comparing the two directly can be challenging due to the differences in education systems and the sheer number of applicants in each. It’s best to research and understand the specific requirements and acceptance rates for each institution to get a more accurate comparison.

    Hitachi
    Hitachi
    6 months ago

    How is India better than the USA?

    Salvius
    Salvius
    6 months ago
    Reply to  Hitachi

    India is known for its ancient culture and traditions, unique medical practices like Ayurveda, and skilled computer experts in the IT industry are Indians.

    Anna
    Anna
    6 months ago

    Apart from the high cost of living, what are other reasons for a greater average salary in the USA than in India?

    Dante
    Dante
    6 months ago
    Reply to  Anna

    The USA has a highly developed economy with a higher demand for specialized skills, which leads to higher wages. Furthermore, the overall productivity and efficiency of the workforce in the USA is often higher, contributing to higher salaries.

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