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# What are the Number Properties?

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Long ago in ancient Greece, a mathematician named Euclid discovered amazing things about numbers. Around 300 BCE, Euclid introduced “number properties”. He realized that numbers have special rules that govern how they behave and interact with each other. Euclid’s discoveries laid the foundation for understanding numerous concepts of mathematics.

### What are the Number Properties?

Number properties are special rules that describe how numbers behave when we add, subtract, multiply, or divide them. These rules help us understand and work with numbers more easily.

The number property serves as a guiding principle that ensures consistency and predictability in mathematical calculations with which we can confidently manipulate numbers, knowing how they will respond to various operations.

### 1. Commutative Property:

Commutative Property: Changing the order of the values/terms does not change the result.

This property tells us that the order in which we add or multiply numbers doesn’t affect the result.

Imagine you’re playing with colorful blocks. Whether you put the red block first and then the blue block, or the blue block first and then the red block, you’ll still end up with the same tower.

### 2. Associative Property

Associative Property: Changing the grouping of the values/terms doesn’t change the result

This property tells us that the result of addition or multiplication will remain the same regardless of how the numbers are grouped.

### 3. Distributive Property:

The distributive property says that when you multiply a number by the sum of two or more addends, the product is the same as the result of the multiplication of the number by each addend individually and then adding the products.

This property specifies that multiplication distributes over addition.

Now, imagine you have a bunch of toys to share with your friends. If you multiply a number by the sum of two other numbers, it’s like giving each of them the same amount of toys.

### 4. Identity Property:

It means that adding zero to a number will not change its value.

This property says that when we add 0 to any number, the sum is equal to the number itself. We call 0 the additive identity.

#### Identity Property of Multiplication:

This property says that when we multiply any number by 1, the product is equal to the number itself. We call 1 the multiplicative identity.

### Conclusion:

By understanding number properties, we gain the power to manipulate numbers with ease and confidence, turning math into an exciting adventure. These simple rules unlock the door to a world of endless possibilities, where numbers become our friends and allies in the journey of learning and discovery!

Moonpreneur understands the needs and demands this rapidly changing technological world is bringing with it for our kids. Our expert-designed Advanced Math course for grades 3rd, 4th, 5th, and 6th will help your child develop math skills with hands-on lessons, excite them to learn, and help them build real-life applications.

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#### Moonpreneur

Moonpreneur is an ed-tech company that imparts tech entrepreneurship to children aged 6 to 15. Its flagship offering, the Innovator Program, offers students a holistic learning experience that blends Technical Skills, Power Skills, and Entrepreneurial Skills with streams such as Robotics, Game Development, App Development, Advanced Math, Scratch Coding, and Book Writing & Publishing.
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